Tragedy and the Prevalent Man by Arthur Burns
In this age few tragedies are crafted. It has generally been kept that the lack is due to a paucity of heroes among us, or else that modern gentleman has had blood drawn out of his bodily organs of belief by the skepticism of science, and the brave attack on life cannot feed on an attitude of book and circumspection. For one reason yet another, we are often held being below tragedy-or tragedy previously mentioned us. The inevitable realization is, naturally , that the tragic mode is archaic, fit only for the highly located, the kings or the kingly, and where this admission is not made in a lot of words it truly is most often implied.
I believe the common guy is as appropriate a subject to get tragedy in its highest feeling as kings were. On the face of it this should be obvious in the light of recent psychiatry, which usually bases its analysis after classic products, such as the Oedipus and Orestes complexes, as an example, which were passed by hoheitsvoll beings, although which apply to everyone in similar psychological situations.
More simply, when the question of misfortune in artwork in certainly not at concern, we under no circumstances hesitate to attribute towards the well-placed as well as the exalted the identical mental procedures as the lowly. And then, if the exaltation of tragic action had been truly a house of the high-bred character alone, it is impossible that the mass Of mankind should cherish tragedy above all other forms, aside from be capable of understanding it.
In general, to which there might be exceptions not known to me, I believe the tragic feeling can be evoked in us when we are in the occurrence of a figure who is ready to lay down his life, necessarily, to secure a single thing--his perception of personal dignity. From Orestes to Hamlet, Medea to Macbeth, the underlying struggles that of the consumer attempting to gain his " rightful" situation in his contemporary society.
Sometimes he is one who have been displaced from it, occasionally one who attempts to attain that for the first time, nevertheless the fateful twisted from which the inevitable incidents spiral is the wound of indignity, and its dominant power is indignation. Tragedy, then, is the consequence of a mans total compulsion to evaluate him self justly.
Or in other words of having recently been initiated by the hero him self, the tale often reveals what has been called his tragic flaw, " a failing that is not unusual to grand or elevated characters. Nor is it actually a some weakness. The flaw, or crack in the personality, is really nothing--and need be nothing, but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in the face of what he conceives to be a problem to his dignity, his image of his rightful position. Only the unaggressive, only those who accept all their lot without active retaliation, are " flawless. " Most of us are in that category. But you will discover among us today, as presently there always have been, those who take action against the system of things that degrades them, and the process of actions everything we certainly have accepted out of dread or insensitivity or ignorance is shaken before all of us and reviewed, and from this total onslaught by a person against the relatively stable cosmos surrounding us--from this total examination of the " unchangeable" environment--comes the terror and the fear that may be classically linked to tragedy.
More important, from this total questioning of what has previously recently been unquestioned, we learn. And so on a process is usually not over and above the common guy. In cycles around the world, these kinds of past three decades, he offers demonstrated again and again this internal dynamic of all tragedy.
Insistence upon the rank of the tragic main character, or the so-called nobility of his personality, is really yet a hugging to the facing outward forms of disaster. If list or the aristocracy of figure was indispensable, then it could follow the problems of people with rank were the particular problems of tragedy. Nevertheless surely the right of one monarch to capture the domain coming from another not anymore raises each of our passions, nor are our concepts of justice what they were to the...