п»ї1 travel and leisure impacts
The impacts of tourism may be sorted in to seven standard categories: 1 ) Economic
installment payments on your Environmental
3. Social and cultural
four. Crowding and congestion
your five. Services
several. Community frame of mind
Each category includes confident and adverse impacts. Not all impacts can be applied to every community because circumstances or resources differ. Community and tourism leaders must balance a range of impacts that may either increase or negatively affect residential areas and their citizens. Leaders should be sensitive and visionary, and must enough time temptation of glossing above certain difficulties tourism expansion creates. Tourism leaders must also balance the opportunities and concerns of all community industries by doing work against conditions where great impacts profit one area of the community (geographic or social) and negative impacts hurt another (Kreag, 2001).
2 monitoring of travel impacts
The moment monitoring -- measuring the impacts of tourism, it can be theoretically likely to identify two phases: 1 . Phase of processing the methodology and standards of collection, sorting and control 2 . You see, the phase of working with data
2 . 1Standard methods of monitoring
In general, it will be possible to use common methods of monitoring to record the real processes which can be divided into: The methods applied to the spot:
1 . questionnaire survey, in which we request the concerns: a) immediate participants of tourism in order to find out comprehensive information about their particular behavior, b) service providers, regarding the number and characteristics of accommodation, service providers, catering features and other companies of additional companies 2 . statement, e. my spouse and i. number of transferring vehicles documents, behavior of tourists, quantity of tourists, squander production,.. " communication methods", which, due to development of THAT technologies, are part of innovative methods of monitoring the tourism affects 1 . telephone survey, which is used for monitoring abroad in fact it is based on reference to the local community on the phone to recognize and map the travel impacts in the community (mainly interpersonal and cultural impacts of tourism for the local inhabitants are monitored) 2 . customer survey survey, that is not done immediately, but around the Internet, in this instance, the queries must be asked with regard to likely differences. Record methods could be divided into two groups:
1 . Monitoring of require (e. g. average visitor spending... ), 2 . Monitoring of supply (e. g. number of mattresses / areas in holiday accommodation facilities... ) (Е ДЌurokovГЎ, SehnГЎlkovГЎ, 2013)
2 . 2Economic influences of travel monitoring
Tourism's economic effects are an crucial consideration in state, local and community planning and economic advancement. Economic affects are also important factors in marketing and managing decisions. Neighborhoods therefore have to understand the relative importance of travel to their region, including tourism's contribution to economic activity in the area. A variety of strategies, ranging from real guesswork to complex mathematical models, are accustomed to estimate tourism's economic affects. Studies differ extensively in quality and accuracy, and which areas of tourism happen to be included. Specialized reports typically are filled with economic conditions and strategies that noneconomists do not understand. Alternatively, media insurance coverage of these studies tend to oversimplify and frequently misinterpret the benefits, leaving decision makers plus the general public with a sometimes altered and incomplete understanding of tourism's economic effects. Tourism provides a variety of monetary impacts. Travelers contribute to product sales, profits, jobs, tax profits, and cash flow in an location. The most immediate effects happen within the major tourism industries --lodging, eating places, transportation, amusements, and selling trade. Through secondary effects, tourism impacts most sectors of the economy. An economic influence analysis of tourism activity normally is targeted on changes in...
Links: to community residents, Ethnic/racial characteristics, Financial characteristics, Actions selected, Capability to speak neighborhood language/accents, " Demonstration effect" of visitors
Destination factors: Local economic condition, Variation of the economic climate, Degree of engagement in travel, Attitudes of tourism market leaders, Spatial qualities of travel development, Stability of the sponsor culture, Good stability in the community, Pace of tourism development, Fragility in the environment utilized by tourists, Public transportation options (Kreag, 2001).